Ancient Athens today

John Fragakis Athens,Greece reports on opening ceremony, 28 Jan The partial opening of the new Athens Subway System was widely celebrated among politicians and citizens, as a reliable infrastructure that would offer the city a much more promising future. It is a general fact that the Athens metro will contribute a lot to the city’s legendary traffic conditions: The basic project consists of two lines running from northeast to southwest [line 3] and from northwest to southeast of the central area [line 2] corresponding at “Syntagma” transfer station. An older existing line [line 1 or"ISAP” , historic, as it is operating since , is linked to the new network at"Omonia” – most central square of Athens -and two more stations. Additionally, the new network includes A basic question asked about Athens metro is how the construction of such a large project would not affect the city’s vivid historic nature, as it is taking place in the most interesting locations of classical times. In fact, building the metro, offered a unique chance to bring to light a multitude of archaeological treasures and promote the research over the form and features of the city throughout the centuries. The most extended excavations ever known in Athens took place in stations like Syntagma, Academia and Olympieion revealing bathhouses, metal working shops, aqueducts and cisterns, ancient roads and city walls and even an enigmatic room with oil lamps decorated with erotic scenes. Many of the smaller exhibits are presented in the stations themselves, while"Syntagma” can boast a ground’s section preserved to its original stratigraphy and can be seen through a curtain wall.

12 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Greece

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Travellers following the steps of St Paul through the biblical sites of Corinth, Lechaion, Cenchrea, Athens, Thessaloniki, Philippi, Christoupolis today’s Kavalla – the first European city to convert to Christianity – and the island of Rhodes, are on a journey to an unforgettable religious experience.

In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia.

This icy wind is known as the boreas. Occasionally the warmer sirocco shilok winds are drawn in from the south. The western climatic influences bring plenty of precipitation to the Ionian coast and the mountains behind it; winter rain starts early, and snow lingers into spring. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks.

Topography is again a modifying factor: In other regions, such as Crete, the hot, dry summers are accentuated by the parching meltemi, or etesian winds , which become drier as they are drawn southward. However, atmospheric pollution has become a serious problem in the cities, notably Athens, obscuring the sky and posing a hazard to the ancient monuments.

Plant and animal life As in other Balkan countries, the vegetation of Greece is open to influences from several major biogeographic zones, with the major Mediterranean and western Asian elements supplemented by plants and animals from the central European interior. The subtle but complex vegetation mosaic is a product of the climatic effects of elevation, the contrast between north and south, local relief, and eight or nine millennia of human settlement and land use. Degraded plant associations areas where the variety and size of species and the density of plant cover are reduced and soil erosion are common.

Vegetation types from central Europe prevail on the mountain flanks and generally in the north. Evergreen trees and shrubs and herbaceous plants are found in the lowland, their flowers offering brilliant patterns in springtime.

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Often cited as Greece’s most beautiful city, Nafplio is a popular weekend destination for wealthy Athenians. Built on a small peninsular on the east coast of the Peloponnese, it became the first capital of modern Greece in before Athens took over in The car-free old town is filled with neo-classical mansions and proud churches and overlooked by the 18th-century Palamidi Fortress. In the Pindus Mountains in Epirus in northwest Greece, close to Ioannina, the remote region of Zagori is known for its stunningly dramatic landscapes crisscrossed by hiking paths.

Here, you’ll find Zagorohoria, some 46 old stone villages, the best known of which are Papingo and Monodendri, where tumbledown cottages have been restored for use as holiday homes and traditional hotels complete with antique furniture and open fireplaces.

The Treasury of the Athenians built around BC and re-erected is in the form of a Doric temple.

This bustling, cosmopolitan metropolis with a population of nearly 3. The main port of Athens , Piraeus , is one of the biggest and most important in the Mediterranean. At first glance, Athens might discourage visitors due to its seemingly unorganised appearance. However, its charm lies beyond that. The historic centre, major sites and dining and entertainment venues are all clustered together, making Athens a great place to walk in.

After the Olympic games of , great efforts have also been made to reorganise the city. The best time to visit Athens is during spring and autumn, as in the summer, high temperatures and increased traffic may prove to be very harsh. If you are resistant to heat, though, a visit in mid-August may be better, when a large percentage of Athenians have left the city for their vacations.

On the other hand, winters in Athens may provide a much different experience. One is certain, though: Athens is truly a lively city that will not disappoint you. Details of its founding, though, are not known; the rich mythology of ancient Greeks, though, fills in the blanks. According to the legend, Cecrops was the founder and first King of Athens.

Half man and half serpent, he emerged from the earth and during his reign, he instituted monogamy and the burial of the dead.

Visiting Delphi from Athens: Highlights, Tips & Tours

Then the vast army of the Persian King Xerxes makes its way southwards and is swiftly engaged by Athens and Sparta in the Vale of Tempe. These events are depicted somewhat colourfully – but no less impressively for that – in the film, Athens, as the leader of the coalition of city states known as the Delian League, fights the Persian navy at the battles of Artemisium and Salamis , the latter being a resounding Greek victory.

It leaves much of the Persian navy destroyed and Xerxes is forced to retreat to Asia, leaving his army in Greece under Mardonius with the naval battles being shown to superb graphic effect in the sequel film, Rise of an Empire, although it does contain a great many historical inaccuracies.

From there, crossing the Mets neighborhood, the road leads you to the First Cemetery, the oldest one in Athens, basically an outdoor sculpture display with a wealth of wonderful monumental tombstones by some of the most important sculptors of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Ancient Athens today Spending time in ancient Athens is a must for every visitor to Greece. Perhaps you’re going to tour the mainland, or on your way from the port of Piraeus to the Greek islands. However and whenever you do it, take time to see Athens. You won’t regret it. No other city has retained so much of its ancient history. To walk its streets, to wander around the acropolis and other areas really does take you back in time.

Transport around the city is much better than it used to be, largely thanks to the work put in to get the city ready for the Olympic Games of There are also far more pedestrian areas and walkways than there used to be. Trees and shrubs have been planted, and the city is now more pleasant for tourists. View of the Acropolis Highlights of Ancient Athens The Acropolis upper city is probably the most famous ancient site in the world, and is the main attraction in Athens.

Its history goes so far back it is difficult to separate fact from myth and legend. Situated on it are some of the major buildings of classical Greece; the Propylaia entrance to the main area , the Parthenon dedicated to the goddess Athena , the temple of Athena Nike , and the Erechtheion , named after King Erechtheus whose tomb it contains. And of course, there’s the long standing dispute between the UK and Greece over the so-called Elgin Marbles.

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Tweet Athens is the historical capital of Europe, with a long history , dating from the first settlement in the Neolithic age. Over the years, a multitude of conquerors occupied Athens, and erected unique, splendid monuments – a rare historical palimpsest. In , it became the capital of the modern Greek state and in two centuries since it has become an attractive modern metropolis with unrivalled charm.

The housing that developed was generally the sort of architecture familiar in Victorian London:

On top of it were many temples and other buildings, the remains of which can still be seen today archaeologist Expert in studying the past from remains left by people. He wrote comedy plays comedies for the theatre in Athens. A scientist and philosopher. Artefacts found by archaeologists include broken pottery, bits of wood and metal, brick and stone.

Athena The patron goddess of Athens, and goddess of wisdom. A huge statue of Athena stood inside the Parthenon in Athens. Athens The capital city of modern Greece. In ancient times Athens was a powerful city-state with its own government, laws, army and navy.

10 Top Tourist Attractions in Athens

Its wealth of remains combines with its magnificent mountain setting and its importance in Greek mythology to make Delphi one of the high points of a visit to Greece. Delphi lies kilometers northwest of Athens to which it is connected by a regular bus service. Although there are enough things to do here to justify an overnight excursion, you can easily make Delphi a day trip from Athens. A convenient way to do this is to join a full-day tour to Delphi from Athens that includes direct transportation by bus or van.

In the first centuries A.

Green holds that the parthenon was the room in which the peplos presented to Athena at the Panathenaic Festival was woven by the arrephoroi , a group of four young girls chosen to serve Athena each year. In 5th-century building accounts, the structure is simply called ho naos"the temple”. The architects Iktinos and Callicrates are said to have called the building Hekatompedos"the hundred footer” in their lost treatise on Athenian architecture, [22] and, in the 4th century and later, the building was referred to as the Hekatompedos or the Hekatompedon as well as the Parthenon; the 1st-century-AD writer Plutarch referred to the building as the Hekatompedos Parthenon.

Older Parthenon The first endeavour to build a sanctuary for Athena Parthenos on the site of the present Parthenon was begun shortly after the Battle of Marathon c. This building replaced a hekatompedon meaning “hundred-footer” and would have stood beside the archaic temple dedicated to Athena Polias “of the city”. Further physical evidence of this structure was revealed with the excavations of Panagiotis Kavvadias of — This platform was smaller and slightly to the north of the final Parthenon, indicating that it was built for a wholly different building, now completely covered over.

This picture was somewhat complicated by the publication of the final report on the —90 excavations, indicating that the substructure was contemporary with the Kimonian walls, and implying a later date for the first temple. One difficulty in dating the proto-Parthenon is that at the time of the excavation the archaeological method of seriation was not fully developed; the careless digging and refilling of the site led to a loss of much valuable information.

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